Hyde and Rugg


The Voynich Manuscript



Next steps

Earlier history

The manuscript

The illustrations

The text

The language hypothesis

The hoax hypothesis

The code hypothesis

My work

Schinnerís work

Subsequent work



  The Voynich Manuscript in brief
  • Discovered by Wilfried Voynich in 1912
  • Bizarre illustrations, and text in an unknown script
  • Resisted decipherment; nobody knew whether it was a code, an unknown language or a hoax
  • It appeared too strange to be a language but too complex to be a hoax
  • I showed in 2004 that it could have been hoaxed using low-tech methods
  My work
  • The method I proposed
  • The background: my work on expertise and expert mistakes in reasoning
  • Common misunderstandings
  • Arguments and debates
  • Text produced using table and grille: machine-readable
  • Text produced using table and grille: images
  • High-res photo of a table
  • Replicas of pages from the Manuscript (with new text from table and grille)
  • Wikipedia
  • The Voynich Manuscript online
  • My book: Blind Spot
  • My Scientific American article
  • The Wired article on my work
  • Rene Zandbergenís site
  • Stolfiís site
  • Philip Nealís site
  • Rich SantaColomaís site
© Hyde & Rugg 2013